Citi Notes Essay
After reading this module, you should be able to: * Clarify the roles and responsibilities of mentors and those that they mentor. * Provide guidance to assist all who participate in research to …show more content…
Mentoring has received increasing attention. A body of literature has emerged that discusses the mentoring process and its potential benefits and problems. Such topics as fair access to mentors and inadequate mentoring for women and minority scientists are especially important. At some institutions, guidelines and formal programs have been established to address these shortcomings.
Significance of the Mentor-Trainee Relationship
The concept of mentoring descends from Greek mythology. Mentor was a trusted friend of Odysseus and helped to advise Telemachus, the son of Odysseus. The significance of the relationship is examined in Harriett Zuckerman's book, Scientific Elite, about Nobel laureates in a chapter entitled "Masters and Apprentices in Science."  The laureates reported to Zuckerman "that for them the principal benefit of apprenticeship was a wider orientation that included standards of work and modes of thought." Zuckerman found that "... apprenticeship was a time of what social scientists call socialization. Socialization includes more than is ordinarily understood by education or by training: it involves acquiring the norms and standards, the values and attitudes, as well as the knowledge, skills, and behavior patterns associated with particular statuses