Chronic Renal Failure Essay

1247 Words Aug 29th, 2013 5 Pages
Chronic renal failure is a worldwide public health problem. Millions of Americans are affected by this disease each year. It is a common condition in which there is progressive loss of kidney functioning. The loss of function usually takes months or years to occur, sometime not appearing until kidney function is less than one-tenth of normal. The kidneys have the important job of filtering, wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then excreted in the urine (Huether, 2012). When the kidneys are no longer able to remove wastes and excess fluids from the body, the human’s body fills with toxins and becomes very sick needing hemodialysis or a kidney transplant to sustain life. Throughout this paper, the pathophysiology, …show more content…
Examples of these symptoms are seizures & mental confusion, easy bleeding or bruising, bone pain, shorten of breath, breath order, amenorrhea, frequent hiccups, and abnormally dark or light skin (Chawla, Amdur, Amodeo, Kimmel, & Palant, 2011). Many people with renal failure have no symptoms and it is often only diagnosed after routine blood test which reveals increased creatinine and protein in the urine. It is now known, through research African American and Native Americans with diabetes and untreated hypertension are at increased risk for developing chronic renal failure and end stage renal disease (Turner, Abramowitz, & Hostetter, 2012). Persistent proteinuria is usually the first indication of kidney damage, screening for renal failure involves dipstick evaluation of protein. According to the International Society of Nephrology, treatment of chronic renal failure is aimed to slow the progression to end stage renal disease. The first treatment for chronic renal failure are ACE inhibitor and ARB (angiotensin II receptor blockers) medications, they used to control hypertension and lower the glomerular capillary pressure. Evidence shows, control of blood glucose levels in diabetics can prevent or slow the progression to end stage renal disease. Maintaining a hemoglobin A1C level <7.0% is reasonable for established chronic renal failure (Crockell, 2012). Dietary

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