Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Essay
Respiratory Case Study
Elijah Stevens is 74 year old male with a history of COPD. He is admitted to the hospital for an exacerbation of his COPD. He continues to smoke cigarettes (reports one pack a day). His current medications include theophylline, albuterol inhaler, beclomethasone dipropionate inhaler and a chewable aspirin 81 mg once a day.
His lung sounds are diminished bilaterally. Pulse oximetry reading is 90%. He is receiving oxygen at 2 liters per nasal cannula. He complains of shortness of breath with exertion.
1. Discuss COPD and explain which of his medications are prescribed for his COPD. Discuss how these medications treat the diseases process. Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma. It is a preventable and treatable disease with a persistent progressive limitation of airflow. COPD is the third leading cause of death in the United States; risk factors include: smoking, occupational chemicals and dusts, air pollutants, infection, genetics, or α-Antitrypsin (AAT) Deficiency (Lewis, 580). COPD begins to require medical attention in the fifth or sixth decade (Porth, 580). The United States spends nearly ten thousand dollars in direct cost (Foo, 1). Mr. Stevens is receiving theophylline, albuterol, and beclomethasone for his COPD. Theophylline works by relaxing the muscle around the airways, allowing them to dilate which makes breathing easier. Albuterol is a bronchodilator, which…