Essay Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( Copd )

1201 Words May 17th, 2015 5 Pages
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

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Introduction
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a continuous disease that makes it difficult for an individual to breathe. COPD can cause coughing that creates huge volumes of mucus, chest tightness, shortness of breath, wheezing and other signs. Cigarette smoking is the primary cause of COPD. Most individuals who suffer from COPD smoke or used to smoke substances. Continued exposure to lung irritants such as chemical fumes, dust or air pollution also may contribute to COPD (Ellen & Kirkhorn, 2015). This essay discusses the effects and treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
The chances of having COPD grow the more one smokes and the longer one has been smoking. This is because smoking inflames and irritates the lungs, which consequences in damaging. Over several years, the irritation steers to long-lasting variations in the lung. The partitions of the air-passage thicken and more secretion is generated. Injury to the subtle walls of the alveoli in the lungs results to emphysema and causes the lungs to lose their regular elasticity. The minor alveoli become damaged and contracted (Ellen & Kirkhorn, 2015). These variations results in the symptoms of coughing, breathing difficulty and phlegm related to COPD.
Clinical findings
A patient named R.S. comprised of pathological variations in four different partitions of the lungs (pulmonary…

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