Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( Copd ) Essay

1001 Words Jul 17th, 2015 5 Pages
The mortality rate, as well as the rate of chronic diseases, are rising faster in developed countries like the United States. This increment in the occurrence of chronic diseases such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Lung Cancer, and Diabetes has, for the most part, offset the descending mortality trends in the United States 1. It has been estimated that chronic diseases will account for almost three-quarters of all deaths worldwide by 2020 2. The main reason behind the increase in the occurrence of chronic diseases is linked mainly to the biological, behavioral and societal factors. Biological factors include the examples like dyslipidemia, overweight, hypertension, and hyperinsulinemia. Behavioral factors include sedentary lifestyle, use of tobacco and high-fat or animal-based energy dense diets, and these factors may act as proximal influences on increased mortality rates. Societal factors, on the other hand, may serve as distal influences on mortality rates and include socio-economic, cultural and other environmental parameters 3.
However, it is crucial to note that majority of the infectious diseases can be easily controlled with the improvements in sanitation, hygiene, health care and discovery of novel antibiotics. But, still the lifestyle-related diseases are on the rise 3. Behavior has a noteworthy effect on lifestyle-related ailments. Like, for instance, the death rates due to coronary diseases declined drastically from 1970’s to 1995 in Finland.…

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