Chronic Kidney Disease Essay
For this type of dialysis, the doctor must create an access point for the dialysis to work. This procedure will take minor outpatient surgery. The access point allows the blood to go through the hemodialyzer to be filtered. Sometimes, the doctors allow this access point to be done by connecting an artery to a vein under the skin. This creates a fistula, or a bigger blood vessel. Another way to do the procedure is to use a small plastic tube, called a graft, to join the artery to the vein underneath the patients skin. The last way to do this procedure is by inserting a smaller tube called a catheter that is inserted in the patients neck. From there the patient 's blood is filtered and returned to their body. This type of treatment needs to be done more than once a week (“How Does”).
The second type of treatment is called peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis is done inside of the patient’s body. Through a small surgery, a doctor places a catheter inside of the patient’s abdomen. This creates an access point for the dialysis to be done. While the treatment is being done, the stomach, or peritoneal cavity, fills with dialysate through the catheter. The dialysate draws the toxins out of the patients blood through their veins. This happens because blood passes