Chronic Illness And The Life Cycle Analysis

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When reading chapter 23, Chronic Illness and the Life Cycle by John S. Rolland on page 430, the author discussed the dimension of time. This segment is located in the second column at the bottom of the page. The author elaborated on how timing of chronic illness becomes a complexity for families. Families are faced with the daunting task and “challenges of focusing simultaneously on the present and future while trying to master the practical and emotional task of the immediate situation” (Rolland, 2016, p. 430). The lives of family members take on new meaning, where family cohesiveness could be disrupted with emotional despair and dysfunctional adaption. Chronic illnesses in contrast can bring families together during these transitional times …show more content…
On page 435, the author speaks on the uncertainty of chronic illness and disabilities—“the predictability of an illness and the degree of uncertainty about the specific way or rate at which it unfolds affects all the other variables” (Rolland, 2016, p. 435). For example, future planning, long-term adjustments and stability, treatments and it regimen, and appropriate care such as home, hospital, or clinic-based care. One must also consider the timing stages of the illness itself. Oftentimes, families are faced with the progression of such illness like dementia Alzheimer’s and how it effect people differently. Dementia Alzheimer’s progression period is different for each person. People can be diagnosed with the same illness but experience different rate of effects / phases of the illness. Chronic phase, whether long or short, is the time span between the initial diagnosis and the readjustment stages. This is the period where consistency, progression, or episodic changes occur and where families are faced with the reality that long-term care is replaced with day to day …show more content…
On page 431, in the first column the last paragraph, the author described the Family Systems-Illness Model as a way for counselors to help families dealing with chronic illness. The Family System-Illness Model, is a way counselors and families could view “family adaptation to serious illness as a developmental process over time in relation to the complexities and diversity of their family life” (Rolland, 2016, p. 438). Depending on the illness and the phase of the illness, families will experience continual role changes which could lead to anxiety, frustration, exhaustion, and depression to the caretakers. “Preventively oriented psychoeducational or support groups for patients and their families can be designed to deal with different types of conditions such progressive, life-threatening, and relapsing of illnesses” (Rolland, 2016, p. 438). Counselors aim to assess the complexity of the family, determine what immediate cost-effective resources are at the family disposal, and develop goals and coping skills that allow families a sense of control and realistic hope to the family.
Chronic illness has no specific person nor family, which it effects. The two services that are chosen to provide various amount of resources to help families in of help when coping with chronic

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