Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Good Essays
This study examined the effects of two definitions of chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) on two personality traits, Neuroticism and Extraversion. Neuroticism also known as emotional instability. The hypotheses of the study were to associate emotional instability and extraversion traits with chronic fatigue and CFS in a genetically informative sample. Participants were monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs with at least one twin member was chronically fatigue for at least six months. In Case-Control design, twins were given the subscales of Five Factor Inventory to evaluate the association between personality traits and chronic fatigue. Participants’ lifestyles, sex and age were also taken into consideration. Confounded evidence …show more content…
Monozygotic shared 100% genetic and environment. Whereas, dizygotic shared 50% genetic and 100% environment (Afari, Buchwald, Dansie, Poeschla & Strachan, 2013). In the past, similar studies was conducted by other researchers to determine if chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) was a primary physical condition or psychological in nature. For examples, CDC conducted a survey of 14,627 individual in a community-based for unexplained fatigue. There were 1.8% of adults found prevalence to be unexplained fatigue and 0.2% was CFS-like illness. This results was consistent with the estimates of prevalence of CSF of 0.007 to 0.56% in community sample and primary care setting (Afari et al., 2013). After decades of studies, the causes of unexplained fatigue remain unknown. Leading to the question, does generic and personality traits play a role in chronic …show more content…
Chronic fatigue was used for individuals that have not been diagnosed with CFS but had the symptoms. CFS was used for individuals that had been diagnosed by the individual’s physician prior to the study. CFS is a complicated medical disorder that characterized by extreme fatigue that is unexplained by any underlying medical condition. Extreme fatigue is not improved by bed rest and is worsened by physical and mental activities. There is no specific diagnostic test to diagnose CFS, the causes are unknown. In 1994, the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed the standard symptoms for diagnosing CFS. According to CDC, CFS diagnose requires three criteria, first the individual must have the symptoms for six or more in consecutive months, fatigue significantly interferes with daily activities and work, and finally individual must have four or more of the eight symptoms. The eight symptoms are fatigue, loss of memory or concentration, sore throat, swollen glands, unexplained muscles or joint pain without swollen, new headaches, unrefreshing sleep and extreme exhaustion lasting more than twenty-four hours following physical or mental activities (Afari et al., 2013). During clinical examination, including history, physical examination, mental status examination and laboratory testing was done to rule out fatigue as a secondary condition. Includes any clinical depression, eating

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Scapula Case Studies

    • 1142 Words
    • 5 Pages

    In contrast, Ada et al 1, have analysed the results of non-operative management of 16 patients with similar fractures and concluded that the results were non satisfactory in up to 50% of patients. Fracture of coracoid with acromion Anavian et al 3 analysed results of operative management for fractures involving both coracoid and acromion. In total, there were 26 patients (21 males, 5 females). The mean age at presentation was 36 (18- 67) years and the follow up data was available only for 13 patients. The follow up duration was 12 – 42 months, but there was no data on time of surgery.…

    • 1142 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Extreme Fatigue Causes

    • 1360 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Causes of Extreme Fatigue Fatigue is a disease sign that manifest and causes dizziness or headache. It is different from sign such as rush that a doctor is directly able to detect without examining a patient. Extreme fatigue is a persistent lack of motivation and energy that continues despite adequate sleep and rest. It is not a disease but illness symptoms that manifest itself in psychological and physical condition or both. Extreme fatigue and drowsiness (need to sleep) are different, though both are able to affect an individual at the same time.…

    • 1360 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Cédric Lemogne’s correspondences. 14,203 members of the GAZEL cohort in France, were studied throughout from 1994-2009. Self-reported depression cases through the Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale were collected in 1993, 1996, and 1999. During the 15.2 years of study, 1,119 participants were diagnosed with at least one primary case of cancer. Considering the most popular cancer states (breast, colorectal, smoking-related, prostate, lymphoid and hematopoietic tissues), and 4 depression states, one positive and one negative relationship were found; A positive correlation between SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder) and other-site cancers, and a negative correlation between depressive symptoms and prostate cancer.…

    • 1392 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Anorexia Nervosa has been a huge issue especially in the young population. Studies have showed that only 46% of patients recover from Anorexia Nervosa. A 20% have showed that they remain ill for a long period of time. The reason behind on why the 20% of the patients remain ill. Is because doe to the low body mass index. The body mass index includes vomiting, and or psychological problems.…

    • 776 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Forty-three public mental health patients with BPD (84 female, 6 male) from the ages of 18 and 58 years were given DBT for six months and patient outcomes were compared to those patients receiving TAU. They met the BPD DSM-IV criteria and all subjects had no less that one extra DSM Axis 1 co-morbid diagnosis most regularly depressive disorders (77%), substance abuse disorders (51%), PTSD (23%), bipolar affective disorder (6%), schizophrenia (4%), and other anxiety disorders…

    • 1556 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Non-Hispanic blacks are 40% less likely than non-Hispanic whites to experience depression during their lifetime (NIMH, n.d.). A study conducted by Jaremka et al. (2014) explained how depression combined with pain and fatigue is associated to people who are lonely, and who suffered from prior mental conditions like cancer. The mean age of onset for major depressive disorder is thirty years old (Barlow & Durand, 2012). Among the forms of depression, the course varies, but usually some only last as little as two weeks, while more severe cases last several…

    • 1719 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Family Relapse Case Study

    • 360 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Patients and caregivers were evaluated two years later for relapse outcomes. Having a relapse was defined in terms of having at least one psychiatric hospitalization of any kind in the two-year period. Of the 34 relapsed patients, 8 were in the FPE group and 26 were in the CPE group. Furthermore, mean times to relapse were 21.54 months for the FPE group and 15.83 months for the CPE group, a difference found to be significant at p = 0.01 by a t-test of the group means. Family environments were numerically scored on the assessments of emotional hostility, emotional overprotection, caregiver burden, caregiver stress, and family cohesion, in order to correlate relapse times with scores on these…

    • 360 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Extreme Trauma Theory

    • 815 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Angelique Howington
September 17, 2015
Dr. Ribeiro
Introduction to Psychopathology and Adaptive Behavior 
 O’Hare, T., Shen, C., & Sherrer, M. V. (2015). Lifetime abuse and self-harm in people with severe mental illness: A structural equation model. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, And Policy, 7(4), 348-355. doi:10.1037/tra0000016 Article Review People with severe mental illness (SMI) generally have experience with an extreme trauma over their lifetime (Muesser et al., 1998). There is a high percentage of people in the sample of this experiment, 29% to 43%, that have post traumatic stress disorder than the general public which is a smaller percentage of 8% (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). In this research, they…

    • 815 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    There were 422 patients, 344 males and 78 females, who went through a polysomnography from March 2009 to June 2012. The records were manually scored to their standard criteria. Scoring hypopneas were patients with total sleep time duration of hypopneas under 200 minutes. The duration of REM and NREM must be similar otherwise there could be large opportunities for error. AHI had to be greater than 0, and values of means of Oa, obtrusive apnea, or Ma, mixed apneas, that were zero were not used in the analysis.…

    • 1058 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This age group had a prevalence of 1,601 individuals from North America, Europe, and Australia compared with 646 individuals from Asia. A significant difference was found for 50 to 59yr olds only for a difference in sex, a prevalence of 41 in females and 134 in males. While Parkinson’s prevalence increases steadily with age, some differences in prevalence’s can be detected weather by geographic location or sex. There are many symptoms of Parkinson’s; while it may vary from person to person they may all share the same symptom, such as tremors, bradykinesia, rigid muscles, speech changes, and many others. Parkinson’s disease affects the body’s motor system greatly.…

    • 1147 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays