Chronic Constipation And Its Effects On Health Related Quality Of Life

1749 Words Apr 14th, 2016 7 Pages
Introduction
Chronic constipation is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders (Liu, 2011). It’s a chronic health problem all over the world (Thomsen et al., 2010) affecting patients of all ages, different cultures, both sexes and ethnicities. But it is commonly prevalent in women, elderly patients and patients with concurrent psychiatric illness (Liu, 2011) which leads to self-medication and/or medical consultation (Dennison et al., 2005). Constipation has an impact on health-related quality of life, social functioning and compromises the ability to perform daily activities (Jamshed, Lee, & Olden, 2011).
Comorbid conditions:
1.1 Prevalence
According to a global survey, the prevalence of self-reported constipation in Asia was estimated to be 15-23% in women and 11% in men (A, Lissner S, & MA, 2010). Chronic constipation affects 2% to 27% of the population based on Rome criteria or self-reported constipation (Ines, Sanchez, & Bercik, 2011). Prevalence of constipation in North America ranged from 1.9% to 27.2% and estimates by gender support a female to male ratio 2.2:1. Approximately 63 million of the population in North America meets Rome II criteria of constipation (Higgins & Johanson, 2004). Prevalence of constipation in men and women between the age of 31 and 76 living in the country of Ostergotland, Sweden were assessed where women had high self-reported prevalence than men (p, ä×ùÔaegguLmazR> paíRzUl< c maéte.…

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