Chronic Condition That Affects Quality Of Life Essay

1070 Words Sep 23rd, 2016 5 Pages
I. Introduction:
A. (Attention Getter) “You can’t beat zero heartburn.”-Larry the cable guy (Quote)
B. (Problem) According to Healthsource, ten to twenty percent of U.S. adults everyday, and more than sixty million people at least once a month are affected by heartburn (Statistic). Heartburn that occurs often is known as GERD, or, gastroesophageal reflux disease.
C. (Central Idea/Thesis) GERD is a chronic condition that affects quality of life, and can contribute to risk of other illnesses.
II. Body:
A. (Problem/Harm) Heartburn is a burning sensation in your chest that is caused by a backflow of stomach contents into the esophagus and is also referred to as gastroesophageal reflux. When this happens frequently it is then considered to be gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. When left untreated, GERD can cause significant damage to the esophagus, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), lungs, and mouth. It can also lead to esophageal ulcers and cancer. So what causes gastroesophageal reflux disease?
1. The cause of GERD is simply the result of the body’s “anti-reflux barrier” not functioning properly. Instead of the esophageal sphincter and diaphragm producing pressure to block stomach acid like it should, the sphincter is relaxed, thus causing the reflux. It could even be the result of the sphincter being significantly displaced.
a) Medications used to treat asthma, high blood pressure, pain, and osteoporosis can cause the sphincter to relax, along…

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