Christ Symbolism In Hemingway's The Old Man And The Sea

1459 Words 6 Pages
Register to read the introduction… While traveling home after he catches the marlin, several sharks begin to eat the marlin. Just as Christ attempts to resist his opponents and fails, Santiago vigorously attempts to fight the sharks off but ultimately cannot. However, neither Christ nor Santiago are discouraged, as shown when Santiago reasons, “A man can be destroyed but not defeated” (Hemingway 103). Both men know that they are still victorious as they are more capable than their opponents and will be able to achieve their destiny after Santiago and Christ are mentally and physically destroyed, respectively. They understand that out of these dreadful situations will emerge a rush of virtue and worthiness. When Santiago finally returns to land, he shoulders the mast of the ship, which symbolizes the cross Jesus is forced to carry, and painstakingly makes the journey back to his house, falling several times just as Christ does as he carries the cross. When he arrives home, he collapses on the bed “face down…with his arms out straight and the palms of his hands up” (Hemingway 122). This imagery is remarkably similar to Christ’s position on the cross during his crucifixion. Hemingway utilizes the shark attacks and the Christ-like imagery to supplement the symbolic parallel of Santiago and …show more content…
Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea. Philadelphia: Chelsea, 1999. Print. Modern Critical Interpretations.
Flora, Joseph M. “Biblical Allusion in The Old Man and the Sea.” Studies in Short Fiction 10.2 (Spring 1973): 143-147. Rpt. in Short Story Criticism. Ed. Anna Sheets-Nesbitt. Vol. 36. Detroit: Gale Group, 2000. Literature Resource Center. Web. 19 Mar 2014. <http://go.gale.group.com>.Gurko, Leo. “The Heroic Impulse in The Old Man and the Sea.” Rpt. in Bloom Modern Critical Interpretations 13-20.
Harada, Keiichi. “Symbolism in The Old Man and the Sea.” Rpt. in Literary Companion Series 88-95.
Hemingway, Ernest. The Old Man and the Sea. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1952. Print.
Kinzer, Stephen. “The Old Man Who Loved the Sea, and Papa.” New York Times. New York Times, 29 Jan 2002. Web. 23 Mar 2014. <http://www.nytimes.com>.
Stoltfuz, Ben. “Gide and Hemingway, Rebels Against God.” Exploring Novels. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Student Resources in Context. Web. 19 Mar 2014.
Szumski, Bonnie, ed. “Readings on The Old Man and the Sea.” San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1999. Print. Literary Companion Series.
Waldmeir, Joseph. “Confiteor, Hominem: Ernest Hemingway’s Religion of Man.” Rpt. in Bloom Modern Critical Interpretations

Related Documents