Choosing Two Criminological Theories Of The Criminal Justice System
CHOOSING TWO CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORIES, IDENTIFY ITS CENTRAL FOCUS, ITS EXPLANATION OF THE CAUSE OF CRIME, ITS RELEVANCE TO THE OPERATION OF THE CURRENT CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM AND ANY LIMITATIONS.
‘Strain Theory’ is a criminological school of thought that suggests that Crime is a by-product of stressors on an individual that cause him or her to break social norms or legal codes. The most accepted version of Strain Theory – General Strain Theory (GST) – Argues that “strains or stressors increase the likelihood of negative emotions like anger and frustration. These emotions create pressure for corrective action, and crime is one possible response […] Crime may be a method for reducing strain (e.g., stealing the money you desire), seeking revenge, or alleviating negative emotions (e.g., through illicit drug use).” (Agnew, Building on the foundation of General Strain Theory: Specifying the types of strain most likely to lead to Crime and Delinquincy, 2001).
Although Strain Theory existed as a sociological theory previously, Strain Theory has only relatively recently been adopted to explain criminal behaviour and delinquency – Notably introduced by Robert Agnew in the mid 1980’s (Agnew, 1985). Angew argues that “Strain theory is based on the idea that delinquency results when individuals are unable to achieve their goals through legitimate channels. In such cases, individuals may turn to illegitimate channels of goal achievement or strike out at the source of their…