Chinese Cultural Revolution Research Paper

721 Words 3 Pages
The Chinese Cultural Revolution Grew up and educated in China, the Chinese Cultural Revolution was only briefly mentioned in my history class. The way the textbook described the Cultural Revolution, made it seems so insignificant and “normal”. Living abroad, with access to more information, I want to uncover it from the “history textbook”. First, I want to know how exactly the Cultural Revolution happened and evolved. The Cultural Revolution started in 1966 by Chairman Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party. As Mao feared that China would follow the same path as the Russian Revolution, which had gone astray, he launched the Cultural Revolution with four goals: to replace his successor with more faithful to his ideals ones; to correct …show more content…
Victims of political witch-hunts;
5. Execution of captives from fractional armed conflicts. The whole mass killings started with the Red Terror period in August 1966, when Mao released a political campaign, “Sweep Away All Cow-Demons and Snake-Spirits”, against traditional “Class enemies” and “Capitalist-roaders in the Party” (cadres) and “reactionary academics” (teachers and other intellectuals). Some were been humiliated and sometimes killed by Red Guards (majority were made up by students from high schools and colleges), others were expelled to the countryside. In January 1967, the Cultural Revolution spread to the whole nation, entered “All-round Civil War” in China period. A power-seizure movement across the nation was launched by Mao and the Party Central, and caused a violent competition among mass organizations. Afterward, military was authorized to suppress any counterrevolution. Unarmed civilians were killed in the armed conflicts across the whole country. The third period, Killing for and by the New Organs of Power, started in 1968, and ended in 1971. The central goal behind the movement was to suppress counterrevolutionary
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According to Aristide Zolberg, many victims did not make it out of the country because they were starved to death or were killed; others were stuck in the mainland because of difficult internal movement and restrictive exit policies (Zolberg 159). During the Cultural Revolution, approximately 244,200 Chinese immigrants illegally entered Hong Kong (Wong 98). Those immigrants brought cheap labors into Hong Kong, and strengthen the economy. In return, the Hong Kong government tolerated the mass refugees, and provided them with public housing, medication, and education (Wong

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