China's One Child Policy Analysis

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Register to read the introduction… In order to attempt to maintain growth and development, the Chinese implemented the one child policy in 1979 just after the economic reform started. This policy states that family’s in rural areas of China are limited to having one child in order to control the fast growing population and decrease the high mortality rates. This has proven to be successful as the growth rate in China over the last three decades stands at 138% while other countries such as India hold a higher growth rate over that time of 180% (About.com, 2012). It is forecasted that if the one child policy continues, China’s population will begin to fall to 1.3 billion by 2050 and India’s population will actually surpass China within another decade (About.com, 2012).

It is evident that China remains heavily dependent on its export for the country’s economic growth, and thus to ensure sustainable growth and development in the future Zheng et al (2008) states that China needs to rebalance its economy to become less reliant on exports in order for this rapid growth to be sustained. They should also encourage more consumption and improve their investment efficiency (Zheng et al, 2008).
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These environmental impacts are partly results from poor management by the Chinese government, and the environmental protections put in place are costing China 8% to 15% of GDP annually (Zhao and Wang, 2009). In order for growth to be maintained in the future, the Chinese government must develop ways to become more environmentally friendly and green as pollution is costing them a high amount of their annual

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