Essay on China 's One Child Policy

2383 Words Dec 11th, 2016 10 Pages
China’s one child policy has been in effect for many years. During Mao Zedong’s rein, he banned any type of birth control which caused the population to expand. By the 1970s, China’s population was reaching about one billion people. Because China has limited resources and can not handle that many bodies, measures had to be taken in order to slow/ stop the growth.
The government encouraged families to have no more than two children but then changed that into a demand. “On September 25, 1980, a public letter—published by the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party to the party membership—called upon all to adhere to the one-child policy, and that date has often been cited as the policy’s “official” start date” (Pletcher) The policy does not include all of China though. It only applies to ethnic Han Chinese that live in urban areas. Because of this policy, the country’s population growth has slowed greatly. It has been estimated that the policy reduced the growth by 300 million people in its first twenty years (Rosenberg). The effect of this rapid change in the population is now very evident in China. One of the main issues is that, the younger generation is not large enough to care for the elderly. About nine percent of the population is currently over sixty-five and by 2030, a quarter of the population will be over the age of sixty. This phenomenon is known as 4-2-1. In Chinese culture, children take care of the elderly when the elderly can no longer take care of…

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