Essay about China 's One Child Policy

1130 Words Nov 23rd, 2015 5 Pages
In 1979, the Chinese Communist Party instituted a law called the one-child policy in order to decrease its rapidly growing population. Recently, this law has been changed to a two-child policy to increase the population. However, the effects of the former law still persist in China today. There are many different perspectives when examining this topic, but an ethical view is one of the most important because many people question whether or not it is acceptable for the government to interfere with such personal matters. Due to the policy there are distorted sex ratios, a large elderly population, violations of women’s rights, and practices that are harmful to women’s health. Since the implementation of the one-child policy, China has experienced extremely unbalanced male to female ratios. Males are generally preferred over females in Chinese society, which means that female children are often unwanted. With the aid of ultrasound technology, the gender of a baby can be revealed. Oftentimes if the child is a girl, she is aborted, overtime resulting in a surplus of males. These sex-selective abortions encourage a greater division between men and women. In the 2000 census there were nineteen million more boys under the age of fifteen than girls, meaning that the ratios were about twelve to ten (Baillot). This data was also noted in a recent article from The Globe and Mail, a nationally distributed newspaper based out of Canada (Saunders). It is hard to gage the precise number…

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