Essay on China 's One Child Policy

1010 Words Feb 8th, 2016 5 Pages
China is one of the most populated countries in the world. The population currently sits somewhere between 1.3 billion and 1.6 billion. In 1979, China was home to a quarter of the world’s people who were occupying only 7 percent of the world’s fertile land. Around this time in 1979, the Chinese government began to create a program of ‘reorganization’ following the slow plummet of the economy. Due to their rapidly growing population, social, economic, and environmental problems began to arise. China’s birthrate was as high as four children per family after Chairman Mao launched a campaign to encourage families to have more children. Mao’s failed economic-planning resulted in a food shortage that soon led to man-made famine. Because of this, roughly 31 million Chinese died. The idea of China’s One-Child policy was first introduced in 1979, but didn’t begin to take much action until 1980. At the beginning of the 1980’s, the communist party decided to restrict China’s population growth. This was an attempt to ease the social, economic, and environmental problems associated with the rapidly growing population, to stabilize food and water supplies, and to improve individual success. Up until September of 1980, the government had campaigned locally and nationally for voluntary birth control and discouraged excess reproduction. On the 25th of September, an open letter to the country was issued by the communist party calling for “one child per couple” rules to “keep the…

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