China's Population Policy

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1. Introduction: China’s population facts
China is the most heavily populated country in the world, which has over 1.33 billion population. The one-child policy had been launched in China for 25 years, which has determined as the most extreme social experiment in population growth control under government intervention in human reproduction in world history (Wang, 2005). The one-child policy had been working on restricting on family size, late marriage, and childbearing. However, the policy was not standardized across the whole country; it was more strictly enforced in urban areas rather than rural as urban has more economic and social stability. The policy came to an end on Oct 29, 2015; it has changed to a two-child policy. Conversely, before
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Firstly, the rapid population aging, as the fertility rate is low, the proportion of China’s population age structure has changed dramatically and the proportion of the elderly has increased rapidly. According to the Figure 2 on aging trend for urban and rural China (Wang, 2005), it demonstrated the Chinese couples in urban areas are most likely to experience a more serious aging scenario than rural Chinese (Wang, 2005). It is estimated that nearly half of China’s population will be over 60 years old by 2050, and less than half will be in the working age (Wang, 2005). The decline in the labor force means that productivity will be reduced and the government’s tax revenue will be reduced. The Chinese government has to take on more social security work because of the large increase in the proportion of the working population. In that case, it will pose a negative impact on China’s sustainable development. Secondly, escalating imbalanced sex ratio is one of the negative impacts, due largely to the gender-specific fertility policy, inequality females are happening in China. Most of the Chinese in an older generation have closed minded to have a son rather than a daughter. Patriarchy has heavy influenced Chinese and triggered the issues of abortion or abandonment on newborn baby girl, which led to an imbalance between the proportion of Chinese men and women. According to the most recent census reported a sex …show more content…
However, Chinese demographic profiles show that a further delay will result in higher long-term costs, it will be too late to do anything about it if Chinese government not implementing any policy or arrangement before the labor shortage turns into a serious concern (Wang, 2005). Changes must be made within the next 10 years if China wants to avoid a greater hardship (Wang, 2005). By importing labor experts from other countries can be one of the solutions to ease the labor shortage issues. Implementing incentives program or foreign talent policy to take in the foreign-born Chinese to work in China so as to have some well educated with both Chinese-Western intercultural background Chinese or even foreigners to maintain China’s competitiveness of its

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