Essay China's Urbanization

2161 Words Nov 28th, 2007 9 Pages
China's Urbanization

With a population of 1.3 billion, China faces unprecedented urbanization challenges. The Chinese government, at various levels, strives to accelerate the urbanization process through city expansion and lowering the threshold for farmers to move into cities. Although urbanization is an inevitable consequence of modern economic development, this process has shown signs of "overheating." Hidden drawbacks, such as intensive pressures on employment and social security, and bubbles in the real estate industry, suggest that the government needs to put the brakes on this trend by carefully scrutinizing and taking steps to control the process.
Urbanization is a historic transformation process by which the means of
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This shock will last for 5-10 years. All of these factors impede the employment of farmers in cities. 2. Blind expansion of cities.
During a Chinese construction conference on January 13, 2004, Guangtao Wang, the minister of construction, pointed out that there are several problems in today's city development in China:
a) Blind city expansions have intensified. Some local governments propose development objectives that are impractical and do not consider principles of city development, stages of economic development and limited resources;
b) Symbolic projects are prevalent. Without considering investment returns, some local governments build "show-off projects," such as administration centers and luxurious office buildings, at the expense of investments in city facilities that are critical for public welfare;
d) The construction of environmental and sanitary systems lags behind what is needed. The rates of environmentally safe solid waste and wastewater processing are less that 20 percent and 40 percent respectively;
e) Cities lack guidance on small-city development and special regulations, blindly imitating the patterns of others. Currently, almost all of the regional level cities are designed to accommodate a population of one million, irrespective of their current labor conditions. Very few people take into consideration future population growth and city infrastructure development. The

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