Research Paper – Childhood Obesity
Childhood obesity is an important issue because of the staggering proportions that this disease has reached in the past few years. Certain genetic factors paired with changing lifestyles and culture has produced kids and adults who are generally not as healthy as people were just a few decades ago. Widespread obesity has been the extreme result of these changes.
The greatest health risk facing children today is not a terrible disease such as Ebola, or an unthinkable trauma such as abuse; it is obesity, which is defined by the medical community as the accumulation of body fat levels above twenty five percent in boys and thirty two percent in
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Schools have become the focus of childhood obesity prevention efforts, with an emphasis on the food and beverages served. It is due to the potential impact schools have on children that they have recently become the focus in combating childhood obesity. On any given day in the United States, more than 54 million children attend school where they will consume over 50 percent of their daily calories (Healthy Eating, 2006). This childhood obesity initiative believes that schools can reduce childhood obesity by eliminating unhealthy dining options. This has led to efforts to improve the healthy quality of the food served at schools. For instance, in a recent agreement brokered by the William J. Clinton Foundation, the American Beverage Association, the Coca-Cola Co., PepsiCo. and Cadbury Schweppes American Beverage, new guidelines were established to remove soft drinks from school (Soft drink companies, 2006). Rather than providing drinks with “empty calories” or with little nutritional value, soft drinks will be substituted with healthier options such as water, milk, sport drinks and unsweetened juices in order to promote a balanced diet. In addition to drinks, there has been an effort to improve the quality of food offered in schools. In 2005, there were 232 bills proposed in 44 states limiting the types of food available for sale in