Childhood Obesity And The United States Essay example

796 Words Sep 13th, 2016 4 Pages
Childhood Obesity Obesity in children in the United States has been growing and causing children to develop comorbidities much sooner. This article addresses epidemiology, diagnostic criteria, complications, treatments, and patient education of childhood obesity.
Epidemiology
There was a reported rise in childhood obesity reported between the 1960s and 2000 in the United States. According to Burns, Dunn, Brady, Starr, & Blosser (2013) nearly 12% of children 2 to 19 years old have body mass indexes (BMI) greater than or equal to the 97th percentile. There is also a significant prevalence to childhood obesity by race and gender, whereas black girls of non-Hispanic heritage have the greater BMI and Mexican-American boys have the next highest BMI (Burns et al., 2013).
Diagnostic Criteria According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2015) childhood obesity is defined as children between the ages of 2 to 19 that have a BMI at or above the 95th percentile of the sex-specific CDC BMI-for-age growth charts. It is important when assessing childhood obesity to check for specific causes such as: diabetes, hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, polycystic ovary disease, Down syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome or pseudohypoparathyroidism. The following lab test may be indicated to rule out any genetic or hormonal causes: fasting lipid panel, thyroid function, serum leptin, adrenal function, possibly karyotype, growth hormone secretion and function, assessment of…

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