Childhood And Adolescent Cancer Statistics Essay

1217 Words Dec 2nd, 2015 null Page
As cancer incidence rates rise internationally, a larger percent of patients require research through clinical trials and treatments to cure their cancer. The National Cancer Institute, the primary federal agency for cancer research in the United States, defines cancer as “a collection of related diseases… [in which] some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues” (“What Is Cancer?”). Cancer is the leading cause of death for children ages 0 to 19 in the U.S. In 2015, researchers predict that doctors will diagnose at least 15,700 children with cancer, and the number of diagnoses will continue to increase by .6 percent in the next year (“Childhood and Adolescent Cancer Statistics”, 6). Approximately 2,000 children die annually from cancers that have no known prevention or cure due to lack of funding and research. Although less than two percent of cancers occur in children, an exponential increase in funding by generous donors is essential to support research that will invent prevention methods and new treatments, leading to an eventual cure for childhood cancer.
In contrast to adult cancers, only a few cases of pediatric cancers have preventable causes due to a lack of research. Most cancer-stricken children are not old enough to have had a lengthy exposure to carcinogens or any other risk factors for cancer; therefore, most preventative methods for adult cancers do not apply. According to the National Cancer Institute, “about 5…

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