Child Soldier Definition

761 Words 4 Pages
1. Introduction:
At an early stage of development in life, when children ought to get engage in education and other essential youthful activities, they are being recruited as child soldiers. This put the children in a very devastating situation, where they may become either victims or perpetrators.
My case – law in this essay is that of Dominic Ongwen, who at 10- years –old was abducted in northern Uganda on his way to school by the Lord’s Resistance Army rebel movement (LRA) and later on turned into one of its most ruthless commanders ( Farock Chothia, BBC News, 2005 ). After his abduction in 1990, he rose rapidly in the rebel ranks, becoming a major at the age of 18 and a brigadier by his late 20s (Farock Chothia, BBC News, 2005).
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2. Definition of child, child soldier and the understanding of the Best Interest Principle.
2.1 Child
According to article 1 on the Convention on the Rights of the Child, “a child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless the law applicable to the child, majority attained earlier”.

Article 2 of the African Charter on the Right and welfare of the Child, defined a child as “every human being below the age of 18
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3. Recruitment Process of Child Soldier Recruitment of children usually occurs through these three processes:
Involuntary recruitment: This type of recruitment is mainly through duress and force. This forceful or involuntary recruitment is by abduction and this is the principal method of recruitment of child soldier. These children can be abducted from school, on their way to school or from school and also at home in the present of their parents.
The second method of recruitment is through education, which is by means of radicalisation.
The third method of recruitment of child soldier is voluntarily. Here the children give in their consent. These are usually influence by push and pull factors. The push factors may be as a result of poverty, lack of employment and abuse received from home. The pull factors may be the seeking for food, good economic reasons in cases where the child soldiers are being pay wages and by seeking security in armed forces. These pull factors of poverty and employment is very common in the factors why children join the armed

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