Child Mortality Rate Essay

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The fourth millennium development goal is to reduce child mortality rates, by at least two thirds between 1990 and 2015. The three indicators for this are the Child Mortality rate (under 5), Infant Mortality rate and the Proportion of 1-year olds immunised against measles. __________________________________________________________________________________

Child Mortality Rate (Under 5) per 1000 live births:

Angola (1991-1995) Angola (2011-2015) Angola’s Child Mortality Rate has decreased by 30.5% in the last 25 years
Australia (1991-1995) Australia (1991-1995) Australia’s Child Mortality Rate has decreased by 55.6% in the last 25 years

As seen above, in the last 25 years, child mortality has been reduced by 30.5% in Angola, and
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Currently, 96 children die per 1000, before reaching their first birthday. As stated before, there are many reasons for child deaths, however the most common causes for infant deaths in Angola are prematurity, asphyxiation, or infectious diseases such as sepsis (refer to graph on page 1). In 2010, 33% of neonatal deaths in Angola were caused by early births. Premature babies, are extremely susceptible to various infections and diseases. Without proper care, there is a high likely hood, that the baby could contract an infection. Sepsis is one of the most common diseases contracted among infants, and is common among premature children. While sepsis is treatable, without proper care or medication, it can lead to death in infants (Medline Plus, 2015). The second highest cause of infant deaths in Angola in 2010, was birth asphyxia. This is a condition where the newborn baby has been cut off from oxygen during birth, for long enough to cause trauma. When the damage is mild, the baby can usually recover, however in severe cases the deprivation of oxygen to the baby can lead to long term brain damage, organ damage or even death. Once again birth asphyxia is more common and severe among premature babies (Seattle Children’s, No …show more content…
However in the poorer regions of Angola, people do not have the knowledge or technology to treat these conditions, or care for premature infants.

Proportion of 1 Year Olds Immunized against Measles (%):

Angola (1991-1995) Angola (2011-2015) The proportion of 1 year olds immunized against measles in Angola has increased by 46% in the last 24 years
Australia

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