Essay about Child Marriage : The Age Of 18 And It

1417 Words Nov 18th, 2015 null Page
Description of Issue:

Child marriage is defined as marriage before the age of 18 and it mostly happens in areas that are rural, underdeveloped, and poor (Erulkar, 2013). Between the years of 2011 to 2020, it is estimated that more than 140 million girls will become child brides (UNICEF, 2013). Even though child marriages refers to both girls and boys, this practice is more common among girls. Girls who are married at a young age often have low levels of education and are at a higher risk of HIV infection (Erulkar, 2013). Child marriage robs the education of the young brides and does not give them the chance of developing their individuality. Since most of these young brides are often expected to have a child right after they are married to prove their fertility, they are also at increased risk of maternal death due to complications of both pregnancy and childbirth (UNICEF, 2013). According to UNICEF (2013), out of the 16 million girls who give birth each year, 50,000 girls will die. Furthermore, according to Erulkar (2013), evidence is showing that girls who are married earlier are more likely to be victims of domestic violence than women who marry later. This violence occurs even more when the age gap is greater between the child bride and the spouse (UNICEF, 2013).

One Sub-Saharan African country that is trying to end the practice of child marriage is Malawi. Malawi is one of the poorest countries that exist in the world and 1 in 2 girls are married by the age of 18…

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