Child Maltreatment Essay

1162 Words 5 Pages
According to the Child Abuse Prevention Treatment Act, child maltreatment is defined as “the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of 18 by a person who is responsible for the child’s welfare under circumstances which indicate the child’s health or welfare is harmed or threatened thereby” (Watkins and Bradbard 1982). Maltreatment is a function of parental stress and frustration (Watkins and Bradbard 1982); stress and frustration can include but are not limited to income and employment or unemployment. The maltreatment of a child causes detrimental effects to one’s cognitive development. Government agencies typically intervene in child maltreatment cases that are reported, but …show more content…
With a lower socioeconomic status, parents are more likely to express their frustrations which may in turn affect their family or children. Families who are less fortunate and unable to provide basic necessities for themselves or children are the ones that become statistics for child maltreatment cases in the United States. Children can sense when something is not “right” in their home, if they feel as though they may be a burden to their parents it may lead to the child committing delinquent acts such as running away in hopes of “solving the problem”. If stress is evident to a child, they may blame themselves for the abuse or neglect they are experiencing (Steinberg, Catalano, and Dooley 1981). Although socioeconomic status and strain may help to explain child maltreatment, it should not be used as an excuse to commit the …show more content…
Jaffee and Maikovich-Fong (2011) has found that children who suffer from maltreatment are more likely to have behavior issues such as: aggressive tendencies, engage in juvenile delinquency, have poorer peer relations and coping skills, and are more likely to suffer from depression, anxiety, and/or post-traumatic stress disorder. Elklit (2013) reports that kids who bear physical and sexual maltreatment are more likely to engage in violent criminal activity, have a lower IQ, and between 25% and 65% of victims will develop post-traumatic stress

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