Essay about Child Labour in Pakistan

8019 Words Jan 30th, 2007 33 Pages
Background

Child Labour is a condemnable phenomenon and elimination of child labour is a feasible objective. It must be eradicated altogether, for democratic and healthy growth of the society. Children should grow into adulthood through love and care, education and training. Health of the society depends upon the physical, moral and spiritual development of its children.

The awareness of the problem provided basis for the enactment of the Employment of Children Act, 1991 followed by a number of administrative and other initiatives to address the issue of child labour effectively. Struggle against child labour gained further momentum when Pakistan's trade privileges were adversely affected with the filing of cases against the
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TARGET GROUP CHILDREN OF 5-14 YEARS) STATISTICS; 1998-99

Figures do not include the population of AJK. Northern Areas and FATA
Labour Force Surveys, FBS; Economic Survey 1998-99, Ministry of Finance
SCHOOL PARTICIPATION RATES; 1998-99

Broad Policy Outline and Outlay of the Plan
The National Policy and Plan of Action proposed through national consultation by the Task Force on Child Labour consisted of interministerial team of experts and were exposed to all cross-sections of the society. Pakistan is among a few IPEC countries to have accomplished this task.
National Action Plan will follow the following strategies and policy guidelines: -

a) Progressive elimination of child labour from all sectors of employment.
b) Immediate eradication of the worst forms of child labour
c) Regular monitoring and inspection system to supervise the implementation of National Action Plan.
d) Prevention of entry into labour market of underage children by offering alternative of education.
e) Ensuring at least primary education and skill training to the children at the target of the Plan.
National Action Plan for elimination of child labour focuses on the following components:
• Awareness raising.
• Withdrawal of children engaged in worst* forms of child labour; and their
• rehabilitation through education and vocational training, on priority.
• Community mobilization.
Situation

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