Essay Child Development Unit 22 Outcome 1 and 2

2871 Words Feb 29th, 2012 12 Pages
Unit 22. Outcome 1: Understand child and young person development.

Birth – 1 Month
• Sleeps 20 hours a day
• Crying – main form of communication (fosters early interaction)
• Begins to have distinct facial expressions
• Moves around more
• Focuses both eyes together
• Can detect smells
• Sensitive to touch
• Uses reflexes
• Focuses on source of sound
2 – 3 Months
• Visual and oral exploration
• Cries, coos, and grunts
• Emotional distress
• Smiles at a face (social smiling)
• Imitates some movements and facial expressions
• Begins to realize he/she is a separate person from others
• Can be comforted by a familiar adult
• Can respond positively to touch
4 – 6 Months
• Babbling
• Feeds 3-5 times a day
• Control
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ffection
• Realizes that parents have faults
• Revisits childish behaviour
• Feels like nothing bad could possibly happen to him/her
• Focuses mostly on the present
• Experiments with the rules, cigarettes, drugs, and alcohol
• The adolescent can put together all the possible outcomes before beginning the problem (abstract thinking)
14-17 years
• Self-involvement
• Complains that parents get in the way of his/her independence
• Very concerned with appearance, body, and sexual attractiveness
• Changes relationships often
• Still feels like nothing bad could happen to him/her
• Engages in risky behaviours
• Poorer opinion of parents
• Tries to make new friends
• Competitive and selective peer groups
• Periods of sadness
• Intellectual interests are important
• Feelings of love and passion
• Development of principles
• Selection of role models
• More consistent evidence of conscience
• Ability to set goals is better
• Interest in moral reasoning
17-19 years
• Firmer identity
• Can delay gratification
• Thinks ideas through
• Expresses feelings in words
• Sense of humour more developed
• Interests are stable
• Emotional stability is greater
• Can make independent decisions
• Can compromise
• Pride in his/her work
• More self-reliant and independent
• Peer group not as important as a few good friends
• Greater concern for others
• Starts listening to parents advice again
• Greater concern for the future
• Thinks about his/her life role

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