Child Development Theories And Development Of Our Minds Essay
The development of our minds is a complex and complicated process. This long drawn out process starts when we are still in the womb.
There are many different people who have many different ideas on how our minds develop. One of these famous theorists is Erick Erickson, who believes that the mind develops through eight stages which occur through our entire lives. Erickson believes that the first stage is Trust vs. Mistrust. During this early stage of life, the infant is uncertain about the world that they live in so they look up to the parents to guide them through this crazy world of ours (Erickson, Paul, Gardner 1959). If the care the infant receives is consistent and reliable, they will develop a sense of trust which will carry with them to other relationships, and they will be able to feel secure even when threatened. Failing to find this sense of trust, so to speak, will result in fear. If the care has been harsh or unpredictable and unreliable, then the infant will develop a sense of mistrust and will not have confidence in the world around them. Erickson believes if you have not successfully completed any one of these stages you will be stuck on that stage in life until you successfully overcome it (Gross, Humphries 1992).
The second stage is Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt. By this time the child is becoming more independent at around 18 months to three years of age. The infant enjoys playing with toys and developing new skills, such as:…