Chihuahuan Desert Essay
The Chihuahuan Desert is located on the third largest continent, North America. Which is west of the Atlantic Ocean, east of the Pacific Ocean, south of the Arctic Ocean, and north of Central and South America.
The Chihuanhuan Desert reaches into both the United states and Mexico. In Mexico the Chihuahuan Desert is in Durango, Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, Chihuahua, Zacatecas, and San Luis Potosi. In the United States it’s in Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas.
The Chihuahuan Desert has a mean annual temperature of about 75° F. Though because there are such drastic elevation changes the Chihuanhuan Desert experiences a major …show more content…
Most experiencing intense droughts, floods, excessive hot and cold temperatures. The Chihuahuan Desert has all of the same characteristics. Reportedly there have been temperatures as high as 122° F and as low as -20° F. In 2011, when the Chihuahuan Desert experienced a record low of -20° F, a field study observed that nearly all of the plant life had major damage due to this extreme weather. The Chihuahuan Desert gets the majority of its rain, roughly 75%, during the months of July and October. Any torrential downpour during this time span often results in flooding. The biggest concern for the Chihuahuan Deserts ecosystem is the climate change. Which, can result in more of these extreme weather events which can could eventually alter the entire …show more content…
Where the earth’s crust and lithosphere have pulled apart and created the Rio Grande river, multiple mountain ranges, and the Potrillo volcanic field. It is typical to find lime calcareous soils throughout the dry hot desert.
As mentioned before the Chihuahuan Desert is mainly surrounded by the Sierra Madre Oriental (east) and the Sierra Madre Occidental (west). There are many more mountain ranges that have built up over time, including: the Sierra del Carmen, the Organ Mountains, the Franklin Mountains, the Sacramento Mountains, the Sandia-Manzano Mountains, the Magdalena-San Mateo Mountains, the Chisos Mountains, the Guadalupe Mountains, and the Davis Mountains.
The Rio Grande Rift expands from Colorado all the way to Chihuahua, Mexico. Earth surfaces began to pull apart around 30-35 million years ago. In this process, there were volcanic activity and moving of tectonic plates that have created much of what you can see today in the region. This includes many mountain ranges, the Rio Grande River, and Potrillo Volcanic Field. The Rio Grande Rift is still active and moves between .5-2mm per