Chickenpox Essay

680 Words Jan 1st, 2016 3 Pages
Chickenpox along the Way
By Vonsha Farnum
Kaplan University Professor Danial Gilmore HS311-01: Epidemiology and Biostatistics I
Chickenpox along the Way

Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Chickenpox being relatively a mild disease derived from chicken peas or the idea that the disease originated from chickens. Occurring in all parts of the world. Chickenpox was thought to be a form of smallpox until the late 19th century and was connected to shingles in 1888. The peak incidence is during months of March through May. Patients’ immune system does not completely clear out the virus from the body after being exposed. Chickenpox is spread from person to person. Airborne
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However, before the vaccine about 4 million people would get chickenpox in the US each year. Approximately 10,600 were hospitalized and 100 to 150 died each year. Even having vaccine you can still get chickenpox but symptoms are mild or no fever and fewer blisters. People who get chickenpox that cause a more serious illness are non-vaccinated persons. Getting the chickenpox more than once is rare. Children, adolescents, and adults should have two doses of the chickenpox vaccine. The chickenpox vaccine is 99% effective at preventing the virus. The first injection should be at 12 to 15 months old then the second injection at 4 to 6 years of age. People over 13 years of age that never received the chickenpox vaccine should receive two doses at least 28 days apart.
Once confirmed of the virus person should stay off work or miss school for at least 5-6 days, avoid pregnant women, newborns, and weak immune systems persons ( cancer, asthma, AID/HIV), and no traveling for 5-6 days of the first rash. Disinfect toys, clothing, and bedding. The vaccine is most effective in the risk of spreading virus but keeping the infected isolated, and always disinfect can keep the spread down and under control. Some alternatives for helping with preventing the spread along with controlling the symptoms is calamine lotion and colloidal oatmeal baths. Wearing cool, light, and loose clothing, avoiding exposure to excessive heat, oral antihistamines, and hydrocortisone cream. Do not

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