Chiang Kai Shek And The Anti Japanese War Essays

1457 Words Sep 18th, 2015 null Page
In the 1945, Chiang Kai-shek was respected by the Chinese people and the international community as a national leader who leaded China victory toward Japan. However, three years later, Chiang was defeated by Mao Ze-dong and withdrew his army to Taiwan. This power transformation was not done overnight. Since the success of the Northern Expedition, Chiang’s government had been facing many difficult issues. In 1937, the Anti-Japanese War was weaken Chiang’s government even more. Around the same time, because of using the right straight, the Chinese Communist Party was getting stronger and stronger under Mao’s leadership. Chiang did not realize that and still decided to fight a civil war in 1945. Therefore, the defeat of Chiang was because Chiang overestimated his army and underestimated the strength of Mao. Chiang did not build up a strong government in the 1920s to handle the political and economic challenges. After the Northern Expedition, the Nationalist party successfully unified China. Some historians called this as 10 golden years because Chiang set up a central government in Nanjing and enforced a lot of new program to modernize China. However, in fact, Chiang faced with many difficult challenges. First, Chiang still did not completely control China. During the North Expedition, he played a lot of warlord politics, such as exchanging office post or local authority for loyalty. These warlords were very unstable and might turned against Chiang in some critical…

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