Chemical Compounds And Its Effects On The Oral Cavity Essay

1243 Words Nov 30th, 2016 5 Pages
The chemical structure of a cigarette contains over 4,800 different compounds (Saha, Bhalla, Whayne, & Gairola, 2017). The chemical compounds in cigarettes contain many different types of gases and toxic properties. Approximately 100 of these compounds are considered carcinogens, cocarcinogens, and mutagens (Saha et al., 2016). The gases associated with a cigarette include formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, ammonia, and a number of other gases (Saha et al., 2016). The chemicals found in cigarettes can potentially lead to negative effect on the oral cavity and the over health of an individual.
Potential health effects associated with cigarettes include cardiovascular disease, oral and pharyngeal cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (Saha et al., 2016). Effects associated with the oral cavity include an increase in plaque biofilm and calculus, dental caries, tooth loss, xerostomia, periodontal disease, and nicotinic stomatitis (Darby & Walsh, 2015). Cigarette smoke contains toxic components, which are responsible for structural and functional changes in saliva (Grover, Sharma, Sengupta, Singh, Singh, Kaur, 2016). Therefore, smoking limits the benefits associated with saliva, which causes an increase risk for dental caries and tooth loss (Grover et al., 2016). An increased risk for periodontal disease is caused by the presence of microbes due to the by-products produced from cigarette smoke (Shah, Batra, Baba, Saima, & Yousuf, 2016). These by-products create a…

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