Addiction And Substance Abuse (NIDA)

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Addiction is classified as the repeated action or ingestion of something that alerts one’s mood. It can be a drug or alcohol, food or an specific activity. There are generally four conditions that when present represent addiction. Those are, the preoccupation with a substance or activity, when not ingesting the individual experiences withdrawal symptoms, an increased tolerance to a substance or activity, and with negative consequences the individual continues to use or engage in the activity (Capuzzi & Stauffer 2012).
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) addiction changes the brain chemistry and functionally therefore changing an individual’s behavior. Chemical dependence is classified as the “repeated ingestion of a mood
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This occurs when a chemical begins to imitation the natural chemical messengers we are born with and then overstimulating the reward and pleasure area of the brain. In effect, addiction is a disease in which the brain is reprogrammed through the use of chemical ingestion or activity. However, addiction is much more complex than that. It is a series of damaging events which impact not only the individual, but also all those around the person (NIDA 2012).
Case Study Client: Katie is a 35 year old woman, wife, mother of two young children, a daughter, and a rising professional. She presents with prescription pain medication (victan) and muscle relaxants (soma) abuse relapse. She was at an inpatient rehab center for thirty days, three years prior and apparently benefited from her stay. However, upon completion of rehab, Katie did not attend follow up care or counseling. She also failed to seek self-help in the form AA or NA meetings for support. She reports she began abusing prescription pain killers after a back injury from a car
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(Wegscheider 1976). In this case study, Katie’s father is concerned about his daughter’s well-being and that of his grandchildren. He is also aware of his son in law’s threats of leaving the marriage with their children, as a result of his daughter’s possible drug release. Katie’s father lives in fear that she has relapsed and that she might lose her job. According to the NACA (2016), “family interaction is usually defined by the person with the substance abuse problem.”
Children suffer the most when a parent is an addict. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health reported that in 2007 alone, 8.3 million children had one or more parents abusing or were addicted to alcohol or an illicit drug. It further also reports that near 80% of all child abuse and neglect reports made in the US, involved some form of addiction issue (USDHHS

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