Charles Dickens: Analysis Of Utilitarianism In Hard Times

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Analysis of Utilitarian in Hard Times Charles Dickens was an English novelist, generally considered the greatest of the Victorian period. Dickens enjoyed a wider popularity and fame than had any previous author during his lifetime. He has achieved popular recognition to a degree rarely equaled in English men of the letter since the publication of his first novel. And he created 15 books in his lifetime, and Hard Times is one of it. The Lesvis wrote: "in all the works of Charles Dickens, Hard Times is the book, which contains his all genius, and there is an advantage only this book has, that is, it is a serious art completely"(Lesvis,2002). In "Hard Times," the Dickens shows us a wealth of characters, such as the defense of utilitarianism, …show more content…
Gradgrind; and kind Rachael. These flesh-and-blood characters constitute "Hard Times" this great work. Through depicting these figures, Dickens expressed his criticism of the utilitarian forcefully. Hard Times makes a unique and important role in the creation of Dickens, the former Soviet literary critic Lunacharsky called this novel “On contemporary literature and art for the capitalism, is given it one of the most powerful hit”(English Literature,1986). The first half of novel is the groundwork, describing the “utilitarian” form of existence, while the latter half, highlight the adverse effects of utilitarianism. From three parts of the novel 's title can also be seen, such as the first part is called "Sowing", second part is called "Reaping" and third part is called "Garnering". This Novel through depicting real life, vividly portrayed characters, to show readers the moral status of the British bourgeois society and the social picture. By analyzing the novel "Hard Times" in a two typical utilitarian Gradgrind and Bounderby, as well as other characters around them, in concluded that the extreme utilitarianism destroys humanity and is the root …show more content…
Thomas Gradgrind is a man of realities, a man of facts and calculations. Fact is the principle in which he brought up his children and his students. He taught his children science and thought hardheaded men lived very comfortably without music, poem and other art. The house called Stone Lodge is their prison; the blackboard is their oldest memory .Like his name’s meaning about grinding, he wiped out the nature of the child, killing their motion, ruined their lives. Her kids have no happiness. They can’t feel any warm from family. But Mr. Gradgrind doesn’t care; he still teaches them in the way what he think right. When he want Louisa marry to Mr. Bounderby, he said: "according to those statistics about marriage from Wales, is actually very important. When referring to these figures, both sides of age are not suited in a majority of marriages, and in these marriages, the older party, almost three-quarters is the groom. That is the fact in India, in England and China. The tourist supply the best estimation method to us, also got the same conclusion, which is worthy of attention because it shows this 'law ' is extensive”(Dickens, 1994). After study thousands of facts, Louisa married to Mr. Bounderby, even though she doesn’t love he. And he also treated his son, Tom, very hard. He delivered all facts into Tom’s head, that made Tom became very selfish. He persuaded his sister to married with a man she dislikes, just because he want have a good career in Mr. Bounderby’s

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