Charles Darwin And Darwin's Theory Of Development

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There is a popular idiom of an unknown source that states, “give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for a lifetime.” When it comes to the field of psychology, acquiring knowledge of development is equal to learning how to fish. Development is the basis of every part of psychology and without an adequate understanding it would be difficult to discern what is psychologically correct and what is not.
Development can best be described as a systematic, organized, and purposeful change. This change is related to age in a lawful way, such as that certain changes should occur coinciding with a child’s increasing age. The way this change is studied has changed over the years as field of developmental psychology
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Darwin held a nativist perspective on development, the mindset that behavior is innate rather than learned. He came to develop this perspective after observing his infant son’s innate forms of communication, the first systematic study in the history of developmental psychology (McLeod, 2012). Darwin’s influence on developmental psychology was not limited to his own observations and studies. Darwin’s theories of natural selection, particularly survival of the fittest, led Binet to develop intelligence tests that attempt to pinpoint human traits that might influence …show more content…
Allport attended Harvard University and studied under the direction of Edwin Holt and Hugo Munsterberg, both of whom significantly influenced Allport’s approach to social psychology. Holt, a behaviorist, left a lasting impact on Harvard after his retirement and this was reflected in the way that many graduate students in Allport’s time viewed psychology as an exclusively objective science (Wozniak, 1997). Hugo Munsterberg suggested to Allport that he should focus his dissertation research on comparing the behaviors of individuals acting alone against their behavior in a group setting. Allport heeded this advice and executed a series of experiments comparing how individuals performed certain tasks when isolated against how those tasks were performed in a group setting (Allport, 1920). From this experiment Allport established that social situations influence an individual’s behavior, and these influences can be divided into elements, but social behavior can be explained by individual psychological functioning. Allport ultimately determined “there is no such thing as a group mind because the group does not have a mind,” (Allport, 1924) for only an individual mind

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