Characteristics Of Personality Traits And The Big Five Factor Model

1232 Words Sep 21st, 2016 5 Pages
Personality has been conceptualised from a variety of theoretical perspectives, and at various levels of abstraction and breadth. (John, Hampson, & Goldberg, 1991) In modern psychology, trait theories have been increasingly used to study human personality. Primarily, trait theorists have had a large focus on the measurement of these traits. Traits can be defined as the habitual patterns of behaviour, emotions and thoughts displayed by humans that are consistent in various situations. (Borghans, Duckworth, Heckman, & ter Weel, 2008) As this suggests, traits are consistent and do not drastically change over time and scenario. The most commonly used personality theories are the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and the Big Five Factor Model. For the purposes of this and related studies the BFF model has been used. This model measures Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism. (John & Srivastava, 1999) This study aims at further discussing similar works into the causality of personality traits and behaviour. There have been previous studies that aim at finding the link between the conscientious factor of the BFF model and how this predicts university grades beyond intelligence measures. (Schulze & Roberts, 2006) This suggests that the higher a participants scores on the conscientious factor scale and in intellectual ability, the higher their university grades will be. However, there are not connections between conscientiousness and academic ability.
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