Food Insecurity Research Paper

1662 Words 7 Pages
When food is limited, difficult to get or is obtained in hazardous ways this creates food insecurity. (2) Food insecurity is most prevalent in high minority, low-income areas. (1) Throughout these cities and towns, people are dealing with rough circumstances. Jobs are scarce, transportation is minimal and often times, access to affordable health care is out of the question. There are also times when parents have to make the decision to skip on a meal so that their children have enough to eat. Food insecurity is not something that will last a few weeks. It can last for as little as two months or can go beyond seven months. (2) One characteristics of food insecurity is when a family is worried that they will not have enough money to replenish …show more content…
Another characteristic is having to buy lower nutritional meals because that is all they could afford. (2) Food insecurity is measured through a questionnaire. Depending on the age range that live in the household, a 10 or 18 question survey will be given. These questions range from “did you ever eat less because you felt there wasn’t enough money for food” to “was your child’s meal ever cut in half because there wasn’t enough money”. (2) Based on the results, the government labels a household high, marginal, low, or very low security. (2) Those households that ranked high or marginal are classified as food secure. (2) Those who came in as low or very low are classified as food insecure. (2)
Food Insecurity and Health Disparity Food insecurity is a problem in the United States because in today’s society, the cost of living is higher than the amount of money most families make.
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(5) To sum it up, it is when there is a lack of access to healthy food options. A lot of food deserts are in lower economic communities. Markets are usually miles away. Gas stations, liquor stores, fast food restaurants and corner stores are what is often found in these areas. (3) Food deserts exist because it requires money to keep grocery stores open. When communities do not produce or bring in money, it is difficult to keep large stores open. Convenient stores are easier to keep open because they are a smaller business, they can be placed anywhere, and they usually only supply everyday items. The issue with food deserts is that they contribute to health disparities. Junk food and fast food are filled with sugar, carbohydrates and fat. That in combination with the lack of physical activity provides a breeding ground for obesity, diabetes, depression, and more. A study published in the journal of Public Health Nutrition concluded that a group of people living in a food desert in Detroit had a higher body mass index than those who lived outside of Detroit. (5) The city of Tolleson in Arizona is considered a food desert based on the USDA Economic Research Service map. There is a total of two markets in the city and both are between one to ten miles away. Throughout the entire city,

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