Characteristics Between Pteridophytes, Vercular Plants And Vascular Plants

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Plants are divided into two groups which are the non-vascular plants and vascular plants. One thing that we can differentiate the byrophytes to pteridophytes is that pteridophytes can differentiate its vascular spores, and these are the xylem and tracheid. It can transport its nutrients and water through these vascular tissues and cells. These xylem and phloem cells and tissues can conduct support of the pteridophytes. Pteridophyta is a phylum that is very common and ancient species. Pteridophyta are simply the ferns. Ferns are mostly terrestrial vascular plants. They may live in aquatic area. Ferns are epiphytes, they can live in tropics that has moist and damp conditions. Ferns have vascular tissues. They contains xylem and phloem that are …show more content…
They have true roots, true stem and true leaves. Ferns are seedless vascular plants. They breed on spores. Pteridophytes are different from other vascular plants because this group contains vascular tissues but do not form any seed. They do not have seeds or pollen and the spores is free. This means it also needs water to disperse and it will grow. One of the characteristics of pteridophytes is that it contains many spores that differentiate into frond and rhizel. The roots demonstrated as true roots except that main root cannot be adventitious. As we said, the roots of the pteridophyts are frond. These fronds is divided into trophophyll and sporophyll. Leaves are megaphylls contains pinnules. In the mircophyll, the sporangium will be develop in the sporophyll leaf axil. These are the dots behind the ferns leaves. The leaves are coiled up that can be seen as circinate vernation that are tightly packed. Pteridophytes has conspicuous sporophytes. The gametophyte and the sporophytes are photosynthetic. It has well differentiated roots because the sporophyte of the ferns are much complex than mosses. The gametophytes demonstrates lack of true vascular tissues and …show more content…
Phylum lycophyte are the club mosses. These are inconspicuous plants that grows in forest. Lycophytes have microphylls that is different from other ferns because the structure of the leaf is risen and independently evolve from leaves. They are generally small and simple leaves with one veined structure. These microphyll have single unbranched strand vascular veins. They are the same as psilotum in terms of dichotomous branched. Other ferns leaves have megaphylls. Lycophytes are sketchily true leaves mosses. Due to molecular findings, these club mosses are shown true structures of vascular tissues. These stems that risen are leafy stems and evolved from a second monophyletic plant. The lycophyte can be varied in terms of homosporous or heterosporous. The sporangia produces the spores on the sporophyte that can be seen in the upper area of

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