Chapter 9 And Three Types Of Moral Dilemmas

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Moral Dilemmas

Chapter 9 of the text outlines several major schools of thought regarding moral reasoning. In this exercise, you are to read the scenario provided and then, in several sentences trace the thinking to a solution that reflects each of the three types of moral reasoning provided under the scenario. You are just theorizing in order to show that you understand the moral reasoning behind each category. In addition to suggesting the solution that would be presented in each case, also suggest any strengths and/or weaknesses you see with each approach. An example is done for you.
Remember: do not necessarily write what YOU would do – but rather what a person who follows each of the below belief systems would do in each scenario.

Scenario #1: You are celebrating with a number of families on a yacht that begins to sink. There are only enough lifeboats to save half of the people on the yacht. What should you do?

Rights-based ethics: (Sample Answer) This person would have to decide which “right” is most valued. Unfortunately, this is not always clear; perhaps the “right” to make ones own decision is a place to start – allowing people to opt not to take a lifeboat spot. Of course, if everyone still wants a spot,
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what would my role model do in this situations? Or what is there gut telling them to do? Whether it’s morally the ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ action they are going to do whatever feels right to them. So they could go out of their way to help others board the life boat or they could also just get on a lifeboat and worry about their own safety. The strength of virtue ethics they are able to think and determine the best route for the person to take and it places virtue over morality. The weakness of virtue ethics tends to only focus on the individual, focuses on the small things rather than looking at the big

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