Chapter 3 Summary: Settling The Northern Colonies
Seeds of Colonial Unity and Independence
In 1643, 4 colonies banded together to form the New England Confederation
Each colony had 2 votes, regardless of size.
King Charles II gave rival Connecticut in 1662 a sea-to-sea charter grant, which legalized the squatter settlements.
In 1663, the outcasts in Rhode Island received a new charter, which gave kingly sanction to the most religiously tolerant government.
In 1684, the Massachusetts Bay Colony's charter wastaken away by London authorities. Andros Promotes the First American Revolution
In 1686, the Dominion of New England was created by royal authority. In 1688 it was expanded to New York and East and West Jersey.
Sir Edmund Andros - He established headquarters in Puritanical Boston.
Andros stopped the town meetings
In 1688-1689, the people of old England engineered the Glorious (or Bloodless) Revolution. They dethroned Catholic James II and enthroned the Protestant rulers of the Netherlands, the Dutch-born William III and his English wife, Mary, daughter of James II.
In 1691, Massachusetts was made a royal …show more content…
In the 17th Century, the Dutch (the Netherlands) became a power. Golden Age. It fought 3 great Anglo-Dutch naval battles. The Dutch Republic became a leading colonial power, with by far its greatest activity in the East Indies.
The Dutch East India Company was nearly a state within a state and at one time supported an army of 10,000 men and a fleet of 190 ships, 40 of them men-of-war.
This company hired an English explorer, Henry Hudson, to seek great riches. He sailed into the Delaware Bay and New York Bay in 1609 and then ascended the Hudson River. He filed a Dutch claim to a wooded and watered area. The Dutch West India Company was less powerful than the Dutch East India Company, and was based in the Caribbean. It was more interested in raiding than trading.
In 1628, in raided a fleet of Spanish treasure ships and stole $15 million.
The company established outposts in Africa and Brazil.
In 1623-1624, the Dutch West India Company established New Netherland in the Hudson River area. It was made for its quick-profit fur trade. The company also purchased Manhattan Island from the Indians for worthless trinkets. The island encompassed 22,000