Chapter 2 study guide Essay

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1. What are some positive and negative things about China’s location? Some of the positive things about China’s location was that it was separated from the rest of the world which caused very few conflicts to occur with other early civilizations. However due to this separation from other civilizations, China did not have as much influence in technology or culture from other civilizations.

2. What is the most ancient philosophy in China? The most ancient philosophy accepted in China is called Dao which was the appreciation of a balanced life without excess of anything.

PATTERNS IN CLASSICAL CHINA
3. What kind of things would cause or signal a dynasties decline? Some things that would cause a dynasties decline
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9. What did Shi Huangdi do to promote a strong central government and economy? How might this have ensured the longevity of Chinese civilization? Shi promoted a strong central government and economy by making aristocrat’s take control of estates and operate courts. This increased the longevity of the Chinese civilization by making its citizens more supporting of their government system.

10. Though Qin Shi Huangdi did things to improve upon the Zhou, what caused this to be such a short lived dynasty? Although many improvements were made upon the Zhou Dynasty, Shi frequently had high taxes to support military and construction expansion. Shi also killed and punished many men which after Shi had died many outraged peasants revolted destroying the Qin Dynasty.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS
11. What things were centralized under the government? Some things that became centralized under government rule were things such as estates and the southern expansions.

12. How did Wu Ti make sure he had the best government bureaucrats? Wu Ti insured he had the best government bureaucrats by expanding the power of bureaucrats heavily.

13. How did the Chinese get things done? Did they have slaves? The Chinese finished things such as the great wall by using forced labor by conscripting citizens into the work project.

14. Describe the extent, importance and legacy of the Chinese bureaucracy.

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