Chapter 19: The Feminist Movement In The Mid-20th Century

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Chapter 19 deals with various movements that were taking place within the United States. The most influential and visible movements in the United States during the mid-20th century include the modern feminist movement, prison movements, and Native American movements. All of these movements, led by oppressed populations, left a distinctive imprint on the United States’ course of development and shaping of its policy towards discrimination.
As mentioned above, the first major social movement that began in the mid-20th century was the modern feminist movement. In reality, the feminist movement was motivated and initiated by World War II (1939-1945). During World War II, men were drafted and sent to combat either on the European Frontier or
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No prison movement came close to the scope of what the Attica rebellion caused in 1971 in western New York. The motive for the Attica rebellion was the murder of George Jackson. George Jackson was an African American writer, activist, and even a Marxist. After a $70 robbery, Jackson was placed into prison in Soledad, California. Ten years later, still serving the same sentence, George Jackson became the nation’s most effective prison revolutionary and activist. In prison, George wrote many pieces of literature which became common reads among prisoners, blacks, and poor whites. George’s literature oftentimes incorporated anti-capitalist views and negative connotations against the government. Due to all the hassle, Jackson was sparking a revolution with his persuasive literature like, Soledad Brother, and it is not surprising that such a prisoner would not last long. On August 21, 1971 George Jackson was murdered by white prison officials. The Attica rebellion began on September 9, 1971 when a conflict between the inmates and the prison guards escalated so far that the prisoners were able to break through the cell weld and conflict with white prison officials. The prisoners regrouped at the prison yard and took nine prison officials with them as hostages all united by their oppression and working as a team despite race, religion, and ethnicity. After five days (Sept. 14, 1971), government intervention was needed to suppress this uprising. National Guardsmen entered the scene with assault rifles, carbines, and submachine rifles ready to attack a prison mob that was unarmed. In a short-lived battle between the prison mob and the National Guardsmen, 31 prisoners were killed along with the nine hostages in the same episodes of bullet hail from the National Guardsmen. After the slaughter, the Attica rebellion was officially

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