Chapter 13 Learning Objectives (Ap American History, Apush) Essay

1798 Words May 12th, 2012 8 Pages
1. Describe the conditions of the western "borderlands" of the 1830s as well as the factors attracting American settlers. The U.S expansionists were directing their ambitions to the North, West, and Southwest, but the conflicts between the U.S. and British North America came about over the border between them. In 1839, Canadian lumberjacks and the Maine militia began fighting over the boundary between Maine and New Brunswick. The fighting ended in the Webster-Ashburton Treaty, which gave over half of the disputed territory to the U.S., which established a definite northeastern boundary with Canada. Meanwhile, both the U.S. and Britain laid claims on the Oregon territory. The dispute ended in an agreement in which both nations had joint …show more content…
5. Identify the candidates and issues and explain the outcome and consequences of the election of 1844. The candidates included James Polk (democrat), Henry Clay (whig), and James Birney (liberal). The issues in this election included the annexation of Texas because it would unbalance the free and slave states. Also included in the election’s issues were the war in Mexico and slavery. Polk eventually agreed to the annexation of Texas while Clay was against expansion. Polk won the election by 65 votes. Birney aided in Polk’s victory because as a result of him gaining votes, votes were being taken from Clay. The consequences included the Mexican- American war (affected the U.S. financially) and the Buchanan-Pakenham Treaty (divided the Oregon Territory between America and Great Britain.
6. Evaluate the successes and failures of James K. Polk's administration. In the area of domestic legislation, his administration lowered the prevailing high tariff and established a moderate policy that lasted 15 years – until the Civil War. This reestablished the independent treasury: a system of handling revenues that made the government responsible for its own funds instead of dispersing them into private banks, and thereby restored some order to the fiscal system that was still disorganized from Jackson’s Bank War of the 1830s. It also founded the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis. Polk’s administration brought the United

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