Essay on Change and Continuity in the Mediterranean Region

988 Words Oct 20th, 2013 4 Pages
The Mediterranean region encompasses the Mediterranean Ocean and the surrounding land outside of it. Medieval Europe is a time period, sometimes referred to as the ‘dark ages’, where because of various reasons, many cultural changes occurred. From the decline of the West Roman Empire and its empirical structures (circa 647 C.E.) and the creation of the political system, feudalism, new societies emerged with new cultural elements such as an almost complete loss of education and literacy, while other cultural aspects remained such as the social status of women and the importance of religion, mainly Christianity. Many of the differences that occurred over time in this region were caused by the decline of the West Roman Empire. When this …show more content…
Religious leaders- priests, bishops, and clergymen- were slightly below that. Then came the lords of the lands owned by feudalistic systems. Then, at the bottom of the totem pole came the laborers and slaves at the very bottom. The social status of women did not change. They were still considered lowly because of the standards that were set down from history. The previous Romans, and the societies even before them, have had the same mindset and it still has not changed yet. Also still the same, is the cultural importance of following a set religion. In Medieval Europe, the main religion is Christianity. This is probably derived from the former Western Roman Empire where Christianity was formerly. Christians formed ‘alliances’ and agreements with major political leaders and as a byproduct, Christianity became a part of the culture of people in this area. It was extremely important to follow Christian beliefs and to respect the Church. Non-Christians, such as the nomadic Saxons who were also in this area, were converted by the sword and it was a law, set down by Charlemagne, that you must be Christian and respect its teachings. The primary source, The Capitulary On Saxony, (while not written in this area) shows how strict Charlemagne is on having his subjects adhere to Christian beliefs. He sets down strict and explicit situations and how to deal out punishments accordingly. Another thing that remained the same culturally in

Related Documents