Change and Continuity in China Essay

1085 Words Oct 1st, 2008 5 Pages
China has changed in certain ways and remained the same in others from the early Golden Ages to the late 1900s. China has experienced a series of cultural and political transformations, shaping the lives of many Chinese citizens. Culturally, the country’s art and literature hardly changed for almost eight hundred years. Along with their culture, China remained politically the same from the beginning of the Golden Ages all the way until the 1800s. On the other hand, China’s government and society were restructured after new leaders took over. From a monarch to total communism, China’s society had a multitude of new ideas and policies they had to adapt to. From 618 to the late 1400s, China’s art and literature hardly changed at all. …show more content…
However, wives and mothers-in-law had the job of managing the servants and family finances. They played an important role in the family, although boys were always preferred more than girls at birth. Other than women, Chinese peasants kept the same status throughout the years. A multitude of the Chinese population were made up of peasants who worked the land and lived off of what they poduced. They managed their own affairs in their small villages. Peasants had a low status in society, but they had the oppurtunity to move up through education and government service. Their status would increase of they received education and passed the civil service examinations.
After being a monarchy for several years, China’s new policies and new leaders changed China politically from the late 1800s to the 1900s. In the 1800s, the Qing dynasty began to decline, and the peasants began o gain power. Rebellions emerged. The Taiping Rebellion almost toppled the Qing dynasty while the Boxer Uprising eliminated foreigners across China. The monarchy-like government became a Chinese republic after Sun Yixian became president. Sun Yixian and his Guomindang established their own government in South China, which was taken over by Jiang Jieshi after Sun’s death. He slaughtered the Communist Party because he believed they were a threat to his power. However, Mao Zedong thought that Communism should be supported by large peasant groups instead of the smaller peasant groups. He sought

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