Challenges During The Progressive Era

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rogressive Era

The Progressive Era during the years of 1900-1920 was a period of widespread social activism and political change across the United States. Reformers, such as Theodore Roosevelt, Jane Addams, and Alice Paul, attempted to bring change to the obstacles that had affected Americans during previous years. The challenges that were improved were woman suffrage, child labor, working conditions, and civil rights. After the Industrial Revolution, reformers were trying to eliminate child labor and improve working conditions. The efforts of the Progressive reformers to bring about change at the national level at times were limited, however we 're often proved to be successful.
One of the greatest reformers for women 's suffrage was Alice
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The Hull House was a settlement house that offered day care services, libraries, and classes for children (O.I.). Addams hoped to eliminate child labor and hoped for educators to be involved in “youth’s inevitable experience in modern industry.” In her book, The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets, Addams expressed how educators know about child labor, yet act as if was not a harm to children (Document C). Child labor affected children 's normal mental and muscular development. A few child labor laws were passed in factories, but it all depended on state power. For example, the Keating-Owen Child Labor Law. The Keating- Owen Child Labor Law was passed to prohibit interstate commerce of products created by children under the age of 14. This affected America on a national level because businesses could employ or disemploy children whenever they wanted. Children had no choice but to work because they had to bring profit to their poor families, which impacted them negatively. However, these children were limited by the case of Hammer v. Dagenhart in 1918 where the Keating-Owen Child law was declared unconstitutional (Document G) because it intended to protect child laborers through the power of Congress. Due to this, the reform for child labor was postponed because the law that could help these children ended up doing the …show more content…
Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle exposed the atrocious conditions in these meat-packing industries such as diseased, rotten, and contaminated meat (Document B). Many of the workers had gotten tuberculosis due to the harrow conditions in the factories, which made it unhealthy to work in these factories. As a result, Roosevelt investigated the Meat-Packing industry, which led to congress implementing the Food and Drug Act, also known as the FDA. The FDA “provided federal inspections of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines” (O.I). Roosevelt actions were successful because it helped lower the risk of Americans eating contaminated meat and decreased the amount of diseases that were being spread by Meat-Packing workers. This affected America on a national level because with the act they didn’t have to worry about getting ill as a result of eating unhealthy foods and in addition, working conditions improved in meat packing plants. Roosevelt, who was also a political reformer, believed in “providing for direct nominations by the people…” (Document D). Roosevelt supported the right for people to elect their own senator by direct vote. Senators were elected by state legislators before the 17th Amendment. The amendment states that the senate of the U.S.

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