Cervical Cancer Essay

2160 Words Aug 22nd, 2015 9 Pages
Kelly Dunn
HED 414
C. Rath
Cervical cancer is considered to be a slow-growing reproductive disease that affects thousands of women in the United States annually. This particular type of cancer forms within and/or on the tissue of the cervix. The cervix is part of the female reproductive tract, which connects the uterus to the vagina. Cervical cancer begins when surface level cells on the cervix divide uncontrollably causing cervical lesions, which if left untreated can progress into cancer. If not found in the early stages, cervical cancer can spread from the surface of the cervix, deep into the tissue of the cervix as well as the surrounding tissues within the vagina and uterus (Slaz,
2010). It is estimated that there is an
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HPV is a significant health problem especially in regards to women developing cervical cancer because it affects millions of people, both men and women alike (Cox, 2006). With more than one hundred known strains of HPV, the rate of contraction has continued to increase regardless of the availability of vaccines, thus increasing the overall amount of women that could potentially be more prone to developing cervical cancer at some point in their life (Cox, 2006).

All of the currently known HPV strains can pose potential future health problems, but two in particular are known to be extremely aggressive in regards to cervical cancer in women. These strains include, HPV 16 and HPV 18. Both strains are known to be associated with approximately 70% of cervical cancer cases in women ages 16-26 years old (Cox, 2006). These statistics further support the necessity of PAP smear testing in women, especially those that are sexually active.
Sexual history and the number of sexual partners is an important risk factor. Research shows that women that have or have had numerous sexual partners have a much high rate of developing cervical cancer because they have a much high rate of contracting other sexually transmitted infections (Slaz, 2010; Hughes, 2009; Charney, 2006). Previously having and/or currently having an S.T.I. can make a woman more susceptible to developing

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