Cervical Cancer Incidence And Mortality Rates Essay

1236 Words Nov 9th, 2015 null Page
Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates have been declining in Australia following the introduction of a federally funded and widely accessible screening program in the early 1990s. Cervical Cancer now rates as the eighteenth most common cause of cancer death among Australian women (Garland 2008) although for Indigenous women it remains the leading cause of death from cancer (O’Brien et al 2000). These Australian figures compare to a worldwide incidence of cervical cancer as the second most common cancer among women (Haas et al 2009). Sexually transmitted Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a common infection and has been associated with increased risk for both cervical dysplasia and cervical cancer (Haas et al 2008). Previously Australia, in line with similar programs in other developed countries, offered a National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP) to detect cervical abnormalities and provide early intervention. This prevention strategy has now been supplemented by the implementation of a HPV vaccination program. The adoption of this program was not without controversy. The relationships of various actors will be examined with reference to Kingdon’s multiple streams framework. The decision made by the Prime Minister of the day undermined the precepts of the National Medicines Policy and
Kingdon’s model is helpful to gain an understanding of how this came about.
In the early 1980’s Kingdon described the multiple-streams policy agenda setting framework based on observations…

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