Cervical Cancer in Hispanic or Latina Women Essay

2358 Words 10 Pages
CERVICAL CANCER

Cervical Cancer and

Hispanic/Latina Women

Melissa Gavidia

ITRODUCTION:

Cervical cancer is when there are malignant cells present in the cervix; it is developed in the lining of the cervix. A cervix is a narrow opening located at the bottom of the uterus that leads into the vagina. Cervical cancer mostly affects women between the ages of 40 and 55. This cancer can be prevented by screening for precancerous cells, and it can also be cured if it is detected at an early stage. Over the past few decades the number of cervical cancer cases has declined dramatically due to a more widespread screening of the disease. Today, it is estimated that 10,000 new
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TREATMENT: Treatment of cervical cancer depends on the stage of the cancer. In cases where there are precancerous cells present, abnormal tissue is removed using loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP). During a LEEP, and electric current wire is passed through to remove the abnormal cells. Abnormal cells can also be removed with a cryosurgery. This surgery uses liquid nitrogen that is circulated through a probe, which is put on the area where the cancerous cells are, and the freezing temperature destroys the precancerous tissue. Other surgeries include laser surgery, known as laser ablation, and a cone biopsy. During a laser ablation, a beam of concentrated light and intense heat is used at close range to remove dangerous tissue, and in a cone biopsy, a cone shaped piece of tissue containing the cancerous cells is removed from the cervix. If the tumor is large, or if the cancer has spread, more invasive surgery, radiation, or both of these techniques may have to be used. In some cases Chemotherapy may be used. Surgical treatment for cervical cancer is radical hysterectomy, which is the removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, adjacent lymph nodes, and part of the vagina. Radiation can also be used either alone, or after surgery or chemotherapy. Radiation is delivered by a machine outside of the body, or by radioactive “seeds” implanted in the uterus and vagina. After surgery, radiation is used to reduce the risk of cancer forming

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